Jan 29, 2015 at 06:41 AM
The Temple of Heaven in Beijing originally served as a place where solemn rites were performed by the ruling emperors in China. The emperors in ancient China were regarded as Son of Heaven who prayed in the Temple of Heaven for good harvests and to seek atonement. In fact, the Temple of Heaven can be termed as an altar rather than a temple in the strict sense of the term. The Temple of Heaven is spread across a huge area with different structures placed in different locations within the area. The area is surrounded by a wall with a gate situated at each compass point. Most of the structures and halls that you can see within the compound of Temple of Heave in Beijing are round in shape, whereas their bases are mostly square. The idea behind it is the fact that earlier people had this notion that the Heaven is Round and the Earth is Square. Similarly, the northern end of the huge area is shaped semicircular, while the southern end is created in square shape. The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests is the most astonishing highlight of the Temple of Heaven Park. The Imperial Vault of Heaven and the Round Altar are other highlights of the Park. There is also an animal killing pavilion that served as site for slaughtering animals for sacrifice. Though this area remains locked now, tourists can still sneak-a-peek from the outside. A long corridor is another highlight of the Temple of Heaven where locals like to sit and relax or even play games. There is also a large park where locals come for their regular exercise schedule. The Temple of Heaven in Beijing is a great place to visit to know about the ancient religious customs followed in China. Being covered across a huge area, you need a few hours to explore the entire site. If you explore the park and the corridor of the Temple of Heaven, you can also encounter many locals spending leisure time here. Overall, the temple of heaven is one of the popular sites that you cannot miss during your Beijing trip.
Sep 13, 2016 at 09:24 AM
Temple of Heaven is one of the most recognized monuments of Beijing. The Temple of Heaven has a lot more to it than just it's name. It is a huge park as well. Hundred's of years old cypress trees are worth having a close look. Inside the huge park, there is a lovely temple complex, which is composed of three main parts – Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, the Imperial Vault of Heaven and Circular Mound Altar aligned along an axis from south to north. Be prepared for a guidebook or hire a Beijing Tour Guide for your life long trip to the temple complex in the park. The Temple of Heaven is considered the most holy of Beijing's imperial temples, where emperors came before and held ceremonies to worship heaven. No wonder this place is listed as World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Dec 11, 2014 at 12:15 PM
The Temple of Heaven, truly the Altar of Heaven (improved Chinese: 天坛; customary Chinese: 天壇; pinyin: Tiāntán; Manchu: Abkai mukdehun) is an intricate of religious structures arranged in the southeastern piece of focal Beijing. The complex was gone by the Emperors of the Ming and Qing administrations for yearly services of request to God to Heaven for good reap. It has been viewed as a Daoist temple, in spite of the fact that Chinese paradise revere, particularly by the ruling ruler of the day, originates before Daoism. The sanctuary complex was developed from 1406 to 1420 amid the rule of the Yongle Emperor, who was likewise in charge of the development of the Forbidden City in Beijing. The complex was broadened and renamed Temple of Heaven amid the rule of the Jiajing Emperor in the sixteenth century. The Jiajing Emperor likewise assembled three other unmistakable sanctuaries in Beijing, the Temple of Sun (日壇) in the east, the Temple of Earth (地壇) in the north, and the Temple of Moon (月壇) in the west . The Temple of Heaven was redesigned in the eighteenth century under the Qianlong Emperor. Because of the crumbling of state plan, this turned into the last extensive scale remodel of the sanctuary unpredictable in the majestic time. The Temple of Heaven was engraved as an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998 and was depicted as "a magnum opus of structural planning and scene outline which basically and graphically shows a cosmogony of extraordinary significance for the development of one of the world's incredible civilizations..." as the "typical design and configuration of the Temple of Heaven had a significant impact on construction modeling and arranging in the Far East over numerous hundreds of years. The Temple of Heaven is placed in southern Dongcheng District, which until 2010 was a piece of Chongwen District. The recreation center itself is open day by day from 6:00-22:00pm. The relic locales inside the recreation center open at 8:00 and close at 17:30 from March 1 to June 30, 18:00 from July 1 to October 31, and 17:00 from November 1 to February 28. There is an ostensible section charge. Every one of the four of the recreation center's entryways are open by open transportation. The encompassing park is truly broad, with the whole unpredictable totaling 267 hectares (660 sections of land). Some of it comprises of play areas, practice and amusement territories. These offices are decently utilized by grown-ups, and by folks and grandparents bringing kids to play. A portion of the open spaces and side structures are regularly utilized, especially in the morning, for choral show and ethnic dances. The Temple of Heaven is definitely a must visit.
Jan 07, 2015 at 05:51 AM
A Ming Temple, the Temple of Heaven, or Tian Tan was built by Emperor Yongle, who also built the Forbidden City, the setting for important rituals performed by the emperor, or Son of Heaven. Chief among them were the appeal to the heavens in search of a good harvest and winter solstice ceremony, which was supposed to ensure a favorable year for the whole kingdom. In those days it was believed that heaven was round and the earth was square, so the architecture of the buildings (round, located on square bases) and park design (set in the Temple of the end of the Earth, rounded in the Temple of Heaven end) reflect this belief. The buildings are rich in symbolic detail - variations in the number nine, which represented the emperor; colored enamels depicting heaven and earth; and pillars representing the months of the year, seasons and weather. There are also eco stones where you can bear to hear your voice resonate and echo the circular wall that bears his whisper across the circle.Temple of Heaven is located in southeastern Beijing and existed for over 500 years. Temple of Heaven was built by the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties to worship heaven. Occupying an area of 2,720,000 square meters, the Temple of Heaven is slightly larger than the Forbidden City. There are two layers of walls around the temple, which are divided into two parts: the inner enclosure and outer cover. The main buildings of the temple include Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, Imperial Vault Celestial and Circular Altar. The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest has three concentric circles of huge wooden columns symbolizing the four seasons, 12 months and 12 hours. The Imperial Vault of Heaven is a smaller round building built without rails; its dome is supported by the complicated job section. The Circular Altar is a three-tiered terrace white stone surrounded by two sets of outer walls are square and round inside, they are a symbol of earth and sky square round. The emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties held their ceremonies to worship the sky in the Circular Altar in the winter solstice. Therefore, the Circular Altar also called "Heaven Worship Altar".The whole construction of the Temple of Heaven is made by wood so it is the architectural masterpiece of wood construction in China. Another wonderful and magnificent temple site is Echo Wall . When standing in the middle of the Altar Circular , you can hear the unique sound that seems to come from the core of the Earth and sometimes from heaven .The design ideology Temple of Heaven broad and vast sky is manifested. On the aspect of the building layout , the interior space is located in eastern north-south axis of the building envelope ; Circular Altar and the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests is in the east of the axis of the inner enclosure. This design makes the western part of the larger temple. As the largest resort to worship the heaven in the world, building the Temple of Heaven was inscribed on the list of Cultural Heritage in 1998 .
Jan 16, 2015 at 08:33 PM
The Temple of Heaven in the southern part of Beijing is China's largest existing complex of ancient sacrificial buildings. Temple of heaven occupies an area of 273 hectares, it is three times the area of the Forbidden City. Temple of heaven was built in 1420 for emperors to worship Heaven. The principle buildings include the Altar of Prayer for Good Harvests, Imperial Vault of Heaven and Circular Mound Altar. The Altar of Prayer for Good Harvest, 38 meters in height and 30 meters in diameter, stands on a round foundation built with three levels of marble stones. This towering triple-eave hall is under a three-story, cone-shaped glaze-tile roof in blue color crowned with a gilded knob. A circular wall of polished bricks known as the Echo Wall encloses the Imperial Vault of Heaven. The Circular Mount Altar, south to the Imperial Vault of Heaven, is where the emperor prayed to heaven. At the center of temple of heaven lies a round stone called the Center of Heaven Stone that echoes when a visitor speaks loudly when standing on the stone. The Temple of Heaven was entered into the world cultural heritage list in 1998.Many books, magazines, and travel websites prefer to use the photos of the triple-gabled circular temple in the Temple of Heaven to represent Beijing. It has become one of Beijing’s truly prized landmarks. Together with the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven is another supreme example of the imperial architecture in Ming Dynasty. All the architectures were decorated with colorful red to represent the dignity of the imperial court in ancient China. Occupying an area of 2,700,000 square meters (3,529,412 square yards), the Temple of Heaven is 4 times larger than the Forbidden City.
Jan 16, 2015 at 06:52 PM
The Temple of Heaven, was established in 1420 during the reign of Ming Emperor Yongle (r. 1403-1424), who also founded the Forbidden City. The temple of heaven was originally established as the Temple of Heaven and Earth, but was given its current name during the reign of Ming Emperor Jiajing (r. 1522-1567), who built separate complexes for the earth, sun, and moon. The architecture and layout of the temple of Heaven is based on elaborate symbolism and numerology. In accordance with principles dating back to pre-Confucian times, the buildings in the Temple of Heaven are round, like the sky, while the foundations and axes of the complex are rectilinear, like the earth. The symbolism of the temple was necessary since the complex served as the setting in which the Emperor, the Son of Heaven, directly beseeched Heaven to provide good harvests throughout the land. This was important since agriculture was the foundation of China's wealth in the imperial period. Since the ceremony at Tiantan was thought to directly affect the people's livelihood, news of the ceremony each year was disseminated throughout China. Three principle structures lie along the primary north-south axis of Tiantan. At the southern end sits the Altar of Heaven, an empty three-tiered plinth that rises from a square yard. Constructed in 1530 and rebuilt in 1740, it is built of white marble. The number of stones in the various tiers are all multiples of three--a prevailing numerological theme at Tiantan.
Feb 12, 2015 at 11:33 PM
The Temple of Heaven was originally established as the Temple of Heaven and Earth, but was given its current name during the reign of Ming Emperor JiaJing (reign: 1522-1567), who built separate complexes for the earth, sun and moon. The Temple of Earth can be found in north Beijing. The temples of the sun and moon are in the east and west of Beijing. The three principal cult structures of temple of heaven are disposed in a line on the central north-south axis. The sacrificial buildings are mainly in the Inner Altar, which is subdivided into two by a wall running east-west, the southern sector, known as the Circular Mound Altar, and the northern, the Altar of the God of Grain. The two altars in the temple of heaven are connected by an elevated brick path 360 m long, known as the Red Stairway Bridge. The main Temple of Heaven, the Circular Mound, repeats the symbolism of the walls, as the central round feature (Heaven) is inside a square enclosure (Earth). It consists of three circular platforms of white marble, decreasing in diameter, surrounded by balustrades in the same material. Entry to the enclosure is effected by means of a series of monumental gates. There are 360 pillars in the balustrades, representing the 360 days of the ancient Chinese lunar year. The imperial throne would have been set up in the centre of the uppermost platform, symbolizing the role of the Emperor as the Son of Heaven and hence the link between Heaven and Earth. To the north of the Circular Mound is the Imperial Vault of Heaven. It was here that the emperor made offerings before retiring to the Fasting Palace (Palace of Abstinence).In the north enclosure, the Altar of the God of Grain, the main feature is the Hall of Prayers for Abundant Harvests, which is linked with the Temple of Heaven by the Long Corridor, 440 m long and 25 m wide. In form and materials, the hall repeats the three-tiered circular structure in white marble of the Temple of Heaven. It is surmounted by the hall itself, once again circular in plan, and with three superimposed roofs in blue glazed tiles, from which the emperor offered up prayers for good harvests. It is supported on a massive wooden framework and its interior is richly decorated.
Jan 26, 2015 at 10:47 AM
The buildings in the Temple of Heaven are round in structure and can be related to the Heaven (one can imagine the sky as like a rounded dome), while the foundations and axes of the complex are square (or 2 dimensional - that is, flat) which can be related to the earth. Whereas the buildings, walls of the temple of heaven and their settings reflect ancient Chinese religious beliefs that imagine heaven as round and earth as square. The altar and temple are round constructed within square shaped areas.The golden yellow colour of temple of heaven symbolizes the emperors in the temple whereas the green colour signifies Buddhism. The symbolism and numerology go hand-in- hand at the Temple of heaven. The symbolism at the Temple of Heaven was necessary because it served as the place where the emperor, as the 'Son of Heaven', directly entreated Heaven to provide a bountiful harvest throughout the land.Coming to the design of the temple, the northern part of the park is semicircular (heaven) in shape while the southern part is square (earth). The two parts are enclosed with a long wall. The roofs of the important structures in the Temple of Heaven are tiled in blue, the colour symbolizing heaven and sky.The fact that the northern part is higher than the southern part, this reflects that the heaven is high in importance than the earth as reflected in the Chinese thoughts that heaven is round and earth is square.
Dec 18, 2014 at 01:58 AM
Beijing's Temple of Heaven is an architectural wonder. Originally built in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1911) as a place for the emperor to worship heaven, it underwent numerous reconstructions during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Great attention to detail was paid in the construction of temple of heaven because the emperor, it was believed, was given his right to rule by heaven and due respect was needed to ensure his rule was successful. The quality of the construction materials and rare and precious objects equal that of the Forbidden City. Temple of Heaven is one of the most visited tourist sites in travelers' Beijing tours, and the symbol of the city. In 1998 the Temple of Heaven was added to UNESCO'S World Cultural Heritage list.The symbol of the Temple of Heaven is the magnificent Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest (Qinian Dian). It is this structure that most people are familiar with. During the Ming and Qing dynasties the emperor would come to the Temple of Heaven every January. The emperors came to the Hall of Pray for Good Harvests to performed intricate rituals to insure a good harvest for the whole nation. This tradition was kept up until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911. The hall is the most spectacular building in the Temple of Heaven. Measuring 38m high and 32.7m in diameter, it was constructed without a single nail and has been standing for centuries. The 28 massive pillars inside are arranged to symbolize divisions of time: The central four represent the seasons, the next 12 represent the months of the year, and the outer 12 represent traditional divisions of a single day. The interior of the hall is brightly colored and covered with dragons and clouds. The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests is the best known building in the Temple of Heaven, but the temple has many magnificent buildings and temples inside of it.
Feb 17, 2015 at 10:29 AM
Temple of Heaven (within the Temple of Heaven Park) has been described as "the noblest example of religious architecture in the whole of China." Known to Chinese as Tiantan, temple of heaven was built in 1420 and expanded and reconstructed during the reigns of the Emperor Jiajing and Emperor Qianlong. In 1998 it was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.This complex of temple of heaven has two parts: the inner temple and the outer temple and is surrounded by two high walls. The two walls are elaborately constructed: the north section of walls is semicircular while the south section is square. This layout of walls of temple of heaven reflects the ancient Chinese concept of the cosmogony: the sky is round and the earth is square. The primary buildings in the temple are the Altar of Prayer for Good Harvests in the north and Circular Mound Altar in the south. They are lined in the central axis of the whole temple and connected by a 36-meter-long bridge. Subsidiary buildings include Imperial Vault of Heaven, the Hall of Abstinence, a Bell Tower and relatively small halls.The Palace of Abstinence was built on 1420 and covers an area of 40,000 square meters. Located to the southwest of the Altar of Prayer for Grains, it is square in shape and covered with green tiles, symbolizing the Emperor’s obedience to heaven. Among the rooms inside are the Beamless Hall, the bed chambers, a belfry and a stone pavilion housing a bronze statue representing justice and righteousness and rooms for guards, servants and eunuchs. The palace is surrounded by a double wall and double moat.
Dec 16, 2014 at 08:57 AM
The Temple of Heaven is a masterpiece of architecture and landscape design which simply and graphically illustrates a cosmogony of great importance for the evolution of one of the world’s great civilizations.The symbolic layout and design of the Temple of Heaven had a profound influence on architecture and planning in the Far East over many centuries. For more than two thousand years China was ruled by a series of feudal dynasties, the legitimacy of which is symbolized by the design and layout of the Temple of Heaven.The siting, planning, and architectural design of the Temple of Heaven as well as the sacrificial ceremony and associated music were based on ancient tenets relating numbers and spatial organisation to beliefs about heaven and its relationship to people on earth, mediated by the emperor as the ‘Son of Heaven’. Other dynasties built altars for the worship of heaven but the Temple of Heaven in Beijing is a masterpiece of ancient Chinese culture and is the most representative work of numerous sacrificial buildings in China.Located in the southern part of the Temple of Heaven, The Circular Altar Mound is actually the Temple of Heaven in the practical sense. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the emperors would offer sacrifice here to Heaven on the day of the Winter Solstice every year. Its famous buildings include the Lingxing Gates, the Lantern Viewing Pole, the Terrace of Worshipping Heaven, the Heaven Heart Stone, the Firewood Stove and the Divine Kitchen Courtyard.
Jan 19, 2015 at 07:02 PM
The Temple of Heaven is a masterpiece of architecture and landscape design which simply and graphically illustrates a cosmogony of great importance for the evolution of one of the world’s great civilizations.The symbolic layout and design of the Temple of Heaven had a profound influence on architecture and planning in the Far East over many centuries. For more than two thousand years China was ruled by a series of feudal dynasties, the legitimacy of which is symbolized by the design and layout of the Temple of Heaven.The Temple of Heaven is an axial arrangement of Circular Mound Altar to the south open to the sky with the conically roofed Imperial Vault of Heaven immediately to its north. This is linked by a raised sacred way to the circular, three-tiered, conically roofed Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests further to the north. Here at these places the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties as interlocutors between humankind and the celestial realm offered sacrifice to heaven and prayed for bumper harvests. To the west is the Hall of Abstinence where the emperor fasted after making sacrifice. The whole is surrounded by a double-walled, pine-treed enclosure. Between the inner and outer walls to the west are the Divine Music Administration hall and the building that was the Stables for Sacrificial Animals. Within the complex there are a total of 92 ancient buildings with 600 rooms. It is the most complete existing imperial sacrificial building complex in China and the world's largest existing building complex for offering sacrifice to heaven.There are over 60,000 varieties of tree. The most famous tree is the grandfather tree - a 500-year-old Nine-Dragon Cypress with branches like nine dragons winding with each other. These trees create a quiet environment and an ideal resort for the locals to do their morning exercise. Residents living near the Temple of Heaven enjoy many activities here, such as running, cycling, singing, dancing, playing chess, flying kites, etc. You can become involved personally in these activities and experience the leisure pursuits of local people.