Dec 27, 2014 à 11:40 AM
The Temple of triple gabled sky,the abode of god blue roofed Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests is a marvel of Ming architecture, and symbolic of Beijing. The entire structure is made of wood and go without the help of a single nail. Besides being more beautiful example of Ming architecture Beijing, Temple of Heaven's,the abode of god interests in its historical and religious importance. Historical significance of the Temple of Heaven In imperial China, the emperor was the conduit between heaven and earth, ruled by the mandate of heaven, and had the task of ensuring the cosmic harmony. Crop failures and natural disasters could be interpreted as a sign that the sky was upset that the emperor was not doing his job well, which would give people the justification they needed to start a rebellion. The rituals related to harvest and maintain the cosmic harmony, therefore, were the most important duties of the emperor, and it was here that came every year to carry them out. Each year the Emperor purified by fasting for three days, and then he and his entourage presented slowly through the streets of the city to the temple. The common people were forbidden to see the procession and were forced to stay at home, quietly, with windows and bolted doors. The first Emperor meditate on the Imperial Vault, spend the night in the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, and make sacrifices on the altar Circular. Layout Temple of Heaven Entering the Temple of Heaven Northgate, you come first to the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, (also known as the Hall of Annual Prayer). The temple was rebuilt in 1889 after being struck by lightning. The official explanation for that attention was called a caterpillar had been allowed to climb on the roof (which so enraged the sky to burn everything down). Thirty-two judicial officers were executed for having allowed such a thing to happen. The following is the Imperial Vault of Heaven, octagonal wooden structure with a tiled roof glazed dark blue, beyond which is the Echo Wall. If you stand at one end, a whisper can be heard by someone in the other. If you want to experience for yourself, come before the tour groups arrive here. Finally you reach the round altar, three tiers of marble representing the man, the Earth and Heaven. The central point of the altar was considered the Middle East Empire - the center of the earth
Feb 07, 2015 à 04:00 PM
The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, the central structure of the Altar of Prayer for Grain was where Ming and Qing emperors ceremonies for good harvests out. The first was built in 1420, the hall is 5.2 meters high, round white marble base, which consists of three levels. Each level is surrounded by white marble tables railings and balustrades. There is a large white marble staircase in the middle of the stairs on each level, with the relief of cloud patterns, phoenix and dragon, respectively, from the bottom up. Accordingly, tables railings, fences and drain outputs thereof each tire are carved patterns. The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, 32 meters high, is a structure in the form of high cone with triple eaves, covered blue tiles, and the top is crowned with a golden ball. This majestic room looks like a colossus that could prop up the sky from the earth. The Danbi Bridge, which is 360 meters long and four meters high, is an elevated walkway connecting the Circular Altar and the Altar of Prayer for Good Harvests. The stone path of the intermediate slab on the bridge, which is 30 meters wide, is the divine way and was used exclusively by the God of heaven. The brick paved road on the east side is the imperial road, which only served the emperor. The brick paved road on the west side was called the Camino del Rey and was made available to the aristocrats and high officials who accompanied the emperor for the ceremony. The northern part of the bridge is slightly higher than the south, symbolizing the ascension into heaven.
Feb 15, 2015 à 03:05 AM
Ceremonial sacrifices to heaven were banned by the government of the Republic of China in 1911. To this date, 490 years after its founding, the Temple of Heaven had witnessed 654 acts of worship to heaven for 22 emperors of the Ming and Qing. It was opened as a public park in 1918 and has been so since. The Temple of Heaven was built on a site 3.5 kilometers south-east of Beijing Zhengyang Gate. The area occupied is almost square, the two southern corners are square and rounded the north. This symbolizes the ancient Chinese belief that heaven is round and square earth. It is a spatial representation of Chinese cosmogony in which political power and legitimacy of the imperial dynasties was based for over two millennia. The three main structures of worship are arranged in a line in the central north-south axis. Sacrificial buildings are mainly in the Inner Altar, which is divided in two by a wall running east to west, the southern sector, known as the Altar and North Circular, the altar of the God of grain. The two altars are connected by a high brick road 360 m long, known as the Red Stairway Bridge. The main Temple of Heaven, Circular Mound, repeats the symbolism of the walls, as the central feature round (Heaven) is within a square enclosure (Earth). It consists of three circular platforms white marble, reduced diameter, surrounded by railings of the same material. The entrance to the box is effected by a series of monumental door. There are 360 pillars balustrades, representing 360 days of ancient Chinese Lunar Year
Feb 06, 2015 à 05:19 AM
West of the Zhao Xiang Gate (the South Heaven Gate Temple of Heaven), standing three large stone platforms called Deng Wang Tai (about 'lantern observation platforms'). Each stage has a pole called Wang Gan Deng built in 1530 for hanging lanterns for ceremonies in the morning. The lanterns are used only by the emperor and were performed according to specific measurements. In traditional Chinese culture, the number nine means noble and powerful and could only be used by the emperors. And Wang length is Zhang Deng Gan chi cun 9 9 9 (Zhang one is 3.3 m, a chi one is 33 cm and is 3.3 cm cun). The lanterns hanging in the Gan Wang Deng are much higher than ordinary. They are about two feet wide and eight feet tall - almost as big as a small room. Skeletons The lanterns are made of wire with yellow cotton fabric glued on. The candles were placed on wooden bases, light and lanterns installed on top. The candles yellow wax used were given as tribute Yunnan and Sichuan, and processed by the Department of the Imperial House (Nei Wu Fu). The candles were 1.3 m high and up to 33 cm wide, with an imperial dragon loong representing luck and fortune carved on them. These extremely expensive candles can burn for 12 hours without being cut or having oil added.
Dec 05, 2014 à 02:09 AM
Like in many places near Beijing vicinity, was designed achieved the Temple of Heaven of agreement ancient China symbolism and mystical cosmology law thinks is central to universe. Each aspect of site was organized meticulously, and creates for the respect code and way respect Heaven.In China, 9th was considered to take the digit of emperor it is the most powerful digit. Finally, round altar in multiple was formed 9 plates to pray Hall's intrinsic part uses the harvest by this same law also rules as each element corresponds in Earth Sun System.Located nearly in 9.The of altar, the Big Dipper stone group also mounts the concrete applications of Taishan seven peaks, a China.The Temple of Heaven sacred mountain is the place of intense fortune-telling study are truly more at the play. Square and heaven by circle, color and echo effect Earth of wall, seasonal block, concrete disposition and big or medium representative..., When knows when about all these symbolism visits adopt another dimension, like world of input on natural law government human activities Earth.
Jan 31, 2015 à 01:19 AM
The fifth room, the pavilion of the infinite happiness houses a magnificent statue 18 meters high Buddha Maitreya in its Tibetan form, dressed in yellow satin and reputedly carved from a single block of sandalwood. Each of the fingers is Bodhisattva size pillow. Behind the statue is the vault of Avalokiteshvara, where there is a tiny, blue-faced Guanyin statue looms. The Wanfu Pavilion is linked by skywalk to the Yansui Pavilion (Yansui GE), which contains a huge lotus flower that rotates to reveal a statue of Buddha Longevity. The Pavilion of Infinite happiness, the last main room is the highest hall of this temple, a abode of god. It is a three-storey building, accompanied by two smaller halls. In the main room, a huge statue of Maitreya is positioned as the seventh Dalai presented to Emperor Qianlong, the son of Emperor Yongzheng. The whole statue is carved from a rare sandalwood tree is 26 meters (85 feet) high and eight meters (26 feet) in diameter, with eight meters (26 feet) buried underground. A niche Buddha in the auxiliary room is another excellent wood carving is carved with ninety nine real dragons.
Dec 11, 2014 à 08:20 PM
The magnificent Temple of Heaven (Tian Tan) is a perfect masterpiece of Chinese art and architecture. It is a place worth visiting in Beijing. The temple was built in 1420 AD during the reign of Emperor Yongle. The emperors of the Ming Dynasty used to offer sacrifices to heaven and pray for a good harvest. While the Chinese emperors' The Son of Heaven ", which did not dare to build your own home, 'Forbidden City' bigger than a dwelling for Heaven is called. The Temple of Heaven was originally named the Temple of Heaven and Earth, but later appeared with its current name during the reign of Emperor Jiajing Ming (1522-1567), who built complexes separated from the earth, the sun and the moon. Hence the other complexes, the Temple of Earth, the sun and moon are located in regions of the north, east and west of Beijing, respectively. In 2005, the Temple of Heaven underwent a 47 million yuan ($ 6 million) renovation that was completed on May 1, 2006. In 1998, the Temple of Heaven was inscribed on the List of UNESCO World Heritage. The architecture of the temple of heaven is aesthetically elaborated on the symbolism and numerology. The buildings in the Temple of Heaven are round in structure and may be related to Heaven (one can imagine heaven as a rounded dome), while bases and shafts of the complex are squares (or 2 dimensions - ie flat ) that may be related to the earth. Whereas buildings, walls and values reflect ancient Chinese religious beliefs as they imagine the round heaven and earth as square. The altar and the temple were built round within areas into squares. The golden yellow symbolizes the emperors in the temple while green means Buddhism. The symbolism and numerology go hand in hand tion in the Temple of Heaven. The symbolism in the Temple of Heaven was necessary, since it served as the place where the emperor as the "Son of Heaven", directly begged Heaven to provide a bountiful harvest throughout the land. Coming to the design of the temple, the northern part of the park is midpoint in shape while the southern part is square. The two sides are attached to a long wall. The roofs of the important structures in the Temple of Heaven are tiled in blue, the color that symbolizes the sky and sky. The fact that the northern part is higher than the southern part, this reflects the height of heaven on the importance of land, as reflected in Chinese thought that heaven is round and the earth is square. Three main structures are located along the main north-south axis of the complex of the Temple of Heaven are The Altar Circular, Imperial Vault of Heaven and Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest. Also among the most magnificent buildings is the three stone Echo and Echo Wall. All buildings are connected by a wide bridge called Vermilion Steps Bridge or even called Sacred Way.
Feb 11, 2015 à 04:10 AM
When the temple to the public, first was opened the etiquette prayed and sacrifice in 1911 bans by the government of Republic of China to the heaven. At that time, worshipped 654 motions has carried out by 22 Ming Dynasty and Qing emperors in 490. Had designated in 1998 UN UNESCO World Heritage site, today Temple of Heaven is a greatly universal park that this aircraft relaxes and exercises. Perhaps in early morning, you look at the tai mahjong Chi trainee, pedestrian, dancer and competition. And, perhaps when busy everybody, you secretly arrives at the round mound altar and looked when you are whether impossible to make your sound at arm's length from heaven. To prayer the east of Hall's uses to harvest, the Big Dipper stone group represents Mount Tai, the heaven worship site seven peaks in ancient China.Indeed, the layout of entire park with the rectangle of right angle on behalf of Earth and surrounded edge in another representative the terminal in heaven. Inside, the round elements of many temple complexes were laid aside in the square, demonstrates connections between two territories. The ordinary Chinese citizens have not seen the ceremony every year twice in Temple of Heaven. , Emperor, and his cadre from Forbidden City will move and in complex, the special long gown and restraint that wears pitch camp to eat the endosarc. When emperor to be good to harvest will pray the coming year personally, the climax of ceremony came the winter solstice. Is the necessary ceremony is carried out, does not use the hitch; Widely is believed even the slightest mistake constituted the bad omen of entire kingdom next year.
Dec 26, 2014 à 12:21 PM
And many Chinese, especially a older generation adopt and utilizes this proposition. They in park expenditure their spare times, sang, danced, and has been exercised together. In mostly the park, has to be able for the fixed fitness equipment of free use outside. They as if are very happy, many vitalities and most important matter: They not independent! Unfortunately you never see this I to know that in Germany.And felt will like the China.I desire we being able in the future to adopt alone at the Germany.They many kind of group life insurance some habits in Germany. By the way, because you can imagine the park probably universally by the couple also together this romantic atmosphere. Certainly sits in the bench of arm under the tree, the arm has your girlfriend or the boyfriend and enjoys the tranquil and intimate harmonious environment sum.
Jan 15, 2015 à 10:54 PM
Personal worship of the Emperor of Heaven in the Temple of Heaven took place during the winter solstice and New Year's Day (1742 on). The Record of Ritual declares that "the sacrifice to Heaven is the highest expression of reverence." As with most other Chinese ceremonies, big symbolic emphasis was placed on the color, the shape, number, position, music and objects of sacrifice. The color of jade and silk offerings to the sky was blue-green, the altar was circular (yang) in shape, and the associated number was nine (also yang). Appropriately, nine pieces of music were played in the sacrifice, and the emperor faced north, reversing its usual orientation. Contemporary accounts of elaborate ritual - preceded by a dramatic procession of the imperial Forbidden City in the Temple of Heaven complex the night before - describes a solemn spectacle of breathtaking splendor. With the assistance of an entourage of imperial princes, senior officials, and other officials, and flanked by the spirit of his ancestors and various nature deities tablets, Emperor paid his respects to the tablet representing the Heaven with prayers and offerings - all accompanied by hymns, instrumental music, and ritual posture by literally hundreds of artists.
Dec 03, 2014 à 12:55 AM
Situated in Beijing southeast, Temple of Heaven, first built in 1420 or reconstruction in Ming Dynasty and expansion by the emperor of Qing Dynasty, including a 37,300 square meters total area. The region that it seizes is almost square shape, is two south corner surrounded right angle and North Point falls. This symbolic ancient China belief heaven in surroundings with the Earth square. The temple is divided the intrinsic part by two enclosed walls and exterior. The main building in temple lies in intrinsic part the south of middle spool thread and north. The magnificent building is round mound altar (Yuanqiutan), the imperial vault of heaven (Huangqiongyu) and prays Hall who uses to harvest (Qiniandian) from the south to the north. Is 360 meters, 28 meters wide and 2.5 meters high, it connects the south sector, called the circumscribing mound altar and north, grain the altar of God. It including the white marble three round platforms, reduces the diameter, is surrounded by the same material stair rail. It was the emperor provides sacrifice for the heaven the place, the pray was the rain.
Dec 30, 2014 à 06:40 PM
A premier artistic treasure, the Temple of Heaven Beijing has many stories behind their architectural charm. Built by Emperor Chengzu in 1420, the Temple of Heaven was used as a place of worship by a succession of emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911). The altar plain called Huanqiu Hill, was rebuilt in 1752 during the reign of Qing Emperor Gaozong. The Qiniandian or Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests was rebuilt in 1890 under Emperor Dezong. The Temple of Heaven is surrounded by two walls and extends 1,700 meters from east to west and 1,600 m from north to south. No square corners on the south side and round corners on the north side, symbolizing the roundness of heaven. East of the main entrance (west), within the inner wall is a zhaigong (fast-palace) in the south to the emperor and swim fast before worship. Further east is a vertical north-south axis formed by the main buildings. Huanqiu is in the south with a stone terrace of three layers. Inside the courtyard Beiyuan Huanqiu is a round room - the imperial vault where the tablet celestial spirit of God. Further north is the Qiniandian Sala visited by Danbi Bridge. Danbi Bridge - first overpass Beijing is actually the main road in the Temple of Heaven and connects the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest in the Imperial Vault of Heaven. It is 360 m long and 29.4 m wide and rises from a meter high in the south up to three meters high in the north end. Increasing the height of the bridge has two meanings: the first represents the course of the Emperor "step up toward the sky"; and also shows that the path from earth to heaven is long