Dec 30, 2014 à 06:40 PM
A premier artistic treasure, the Temple of Heaven Beijing has many stories behind their architectural charm. Built by Emperor Chengzu in 1420, the Temple of Heaven was used as a place of worship by a succession of emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911). The altar plain called Huanqiu Hill, was rebuilt in 1752 during the reign of Qing Emperor Gaozong. The Qiniandian or Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests was rebuilt in 1890 under Emperor Dezong. The Temple of Heaven is surrounded by two walls and extends 1,700 meters from east to west and 1,600 m from north to south. No square corners on the south side and round corners on the north side, symbolizing the roundness of heaven. East of the main entrance (west), within the inner wall is a zhaigong (fast-palace) in the south to the emperor and swim fast before worship. Further east is a vertical north-south axis formed by the main buildings. Huanqiu is in the south with a stone terrace of three layers. Inside the courtyard Beiyuan Huanqiu is a round room - the imperial vault where the tablet celestial spirit of God. Further north is the Qiniandian Sala visited by Danbi Bridge. Danbi Bridge - first overpass Beijing is actually the main road in the Temple of Heaven and connects the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest in the Imperial Vault of Heaven. It is 360 m long and 29.4 m wide and rises from a meter high in the south up to three meters high in the north end. Increasing the height of the bridge has two meanings: the first represents the course of the Emperor "step up toward the sky"; and also shows that the path from earth to heaven is long
Dec 11, 2014 à 08:20 PM
The magnificent Temple of Heaven (Tian Tan) is a perfect masterpiece of Chinese art and architecture. It is a place worth visiting in Beijing. The temple was built in 1420 AD during the reign of Emperor Yongle. The emperors of the Ming Dynasty used to offer sacrifices to heaven and pray for a good harvest. While the Chinese emperors' The Son of Heaven ", which did not dare to build your own home, 'Forbidden City' bigger than a dwelling for Heaven is called. The Temple of Heaven was originally named the Temple of Heaven and Earth, but later appeared with its current name during the reign of Emperor Jiajing Ming (1522-1567), who built complexes separated from the earth, the sun and the moon. Hence the other complexes, the Temple of Earth, the sun and moon are located in regions of the north, east and west of Beijing, respectively. In 2005, the Temple of Heaven underwent a 47 million yuan ($ 6 million) renovation that was completed on May 1, 2006. In 1998, the Temple of Heaven was inscribed on the List of UNESCO World Heritage. The architecture of the temple of heaven is aesthetically elaborated on the symbolism and numerology. The buildings in the Temple of Heaven are round in structure and may be related to Heaven (one can imagine heaven as a rounded dome), while bases and shafts of the complex are squares (or 2 dimensions - ie flat ) that may be related to the earth. Whereas buildings, walls and values reflect ancient Chinese religious beliefs as they imagine the round heaven and earth as square. The altar and the temple were built round within areas into squares. The golden yellow symbolizes the emperors in the temple while green means Buddhism. The symbolism and numerology go hand in hand tion in the Temple of Heaven. The symbolism in the Temple of Heaven was necessary, since it served as the place where the emperor as the "Son of Heaven", directly begged Heaven to provide a bountiful harvest throughout the land. Coming to the design of the temple, the northern part of the park is midpoint in shape while the southern part is square. The two sides are attached to a long wall. The roofs of the important structures in the Temple of Heaven are tiled in blue, the color that symbolizes the sky and sky. The fact that the northern part is higher than the southern part, this reflects the height of heaven on the importance of land, as reflected in Chinese thought that heaven is round and the earth is square. Three main structures are located along the main north-south axis of the complex of the Temple of Heaven are The Altar Circular, Imperial Vault of Heaven and Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest. Also among the most magnificent buildings is the three stone Echo and Echo Wall. All buildings are connected by a wide bridge called Vermilion Steps Bridge or even called Sacred Way.
Dec 03, 2014 à 12:55 AM
Situated in Beijing southeast, Temple of Heaven, first built in 1420 or reconstruction in Ming Dynasty and expansion by the emperor of Qing Dynasty, including a 37,300 square meters total area. The region that it seizes is almost square shape, is two south corner surrounded right angle and North Point falls. This symbolic ancient China belief heaven in surroundings with the Earth square. The temple is divided the intrinsic part by two enclosed walls and exterior. The main building in temple lies in intrinsic part the south of middle spool thread and north. The magnificent building is round mound altar (Yuanqiutan), the imperial vault of heaven (Huangqiongyu) and prays Hall who uses to harvest (Qiniandian) from the south to the north. Is 360 meters, 28 meters wide and 2.5 meters high, it connects the south sector, called the circumscribing mound altar and north, grain the altar of God. It including the white marble three round platforms, reduces the diameter, is surrounded by the same material stair rail. It was the emperor provides sacrifice for the heaven the place, the pray was the rain.
Jan 23, 2015 à 02:01 AM
The Temple of God was constructed between 1406 and 1420 Yongle Town (the dynasty dynasty during Ming Dynasty emperor: 1403-1424), supervise to build Forbidden City at the same time. Temple of God established at first has taken Temple of God and Earth, but has given its dynasty dynasty of current name Jiajing (during Ming Dynasty emperor: 1522-1567), establish the separated complex of Earth, solar and moon. Temple Earth (DiTan) can, in the northern Beijing.The temple of solar and moon found in the eastern part and west Beijing. The main imperial palace of emperor (Forbidden City) in the center of city in not only, but also between the Earth temple and heaven, symbolizes the role and heaven rule that the emperor connects. One will pay attention to the method of portrayal of heaven as to take with Earth in the surroundings in the square of layout also designs. A Hall of close prayer uses the harvest along a long risen aisle that almost increases highly slightly. Winter solstice offer was done arrived at the heaven. And in spring, with a prayer of good harvest. It is the most vital task selection of emperor broadcasts the date harvest that sows seeds and brings.
Dec 29, 2014 à 06:44 PM
Temple of Heaven, said before Temple of Godand Earth , Yongle Town dynasty of (1420) under Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) emperor Chengzu first was built in the 18th this year, the emperor of Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty (1368-1911) provided the sacrifice for the god of heaven and Earth. In the 9th this year (1530) in Jiajing dynasty of Ming Dynasty, the temple especially was constructed as the God of Earth to sacrifice Beijing in provision of northern suburb, was named the Earth temple, and Temple of Heaven and Earth, were changed to the current name, for only worshipped the heaven and prayed for the grain. Temple of God is located in southeast downtown Beijing. In the past dynasty of ancient China, the sacrifice ceremony that provided to the ancestor or the god usually has held in the suburb of capital, called jiaosi (suburb sacrifice) in the historical record. jiaosi (suburb sacrifice) was the most magnificent ceremony in ancient China and especially from South Korea (206bc-220ad) and characteristics (618-907) dynasty, it became more and more dignified. In the official historical record, the most important matter that was recorded the condition provides the sacrifice, but ancestor's precious place is suburb. In the emperor later Yongle Town dynasty Ming Dynasty, the emperor must three times make the appearance in Temple of Heaven every year. In Shangxin Hall who on that day in the first lunar month, he praying negative was named Baguli to use to harvest to the ceremony, prayed for all grain rich harvest sowing seeds; In the auspicious day in April, he negative was named Dianli in the round mound altar to another ceremony, the pray is the rain; The winter solstice, he was named Gaosidi in round mound altar to final ceremony negative this year, to the heaven reported that this year is good to harvest. At the ceremony, sacrificed for God of heaven, then the continual generation ancestor and god mainly will be provided Sun, moon and star, cloud, rain, wind and thunder. The ancient feudal emperor always requests Tianzi (the son in heaven), governs the world under the will of heaven. Therefore, the suburb sacrificed a good way to affect regarding the emperor demonstrates the supreme condition and dignity.
Feb 02, 2015 à 08:03 AM
Temple of Heaven, established in the 15th century earlier period, before was the pine lumber of history, establishes happy worship building dignity complex that and surrounded in the garden. In its overall layout and that its respective building, it symbolizes relations between Earth and heaven - the world and world of God stands in Chinese universe the origin center of person -, and special role that the emperor in that relations plays. The complex of Temple of Heaven is a 273 hectares ancient forest makes by rows of ancient Chinese mourning cypresses. Certain cypress are over 600 years old. Most famous must be Kowloon Cypress, has almost 11000 years of history in the echo Wall.It western rumor. Strolls probably enables you to forget rushing about of surrounding city in the forest. The imperial vault of heaven situated in deposits the etiquette stone tablet north the round altar directly. The reason is to try echo Wall.The knows that surrounds Echo Wall of vault is 3.72 meters high and 65 meters of diameter. In there, the human can face along any point and speech of wall, and can hear it in another side another person obviously. Also there are many other sites in Temple of Heaven, for example the red staircase bridge, the round mound altar, Temple of Heaven Park.If your Beijing tours is not tight in the schedule, possibly passed you in entire day of exploration temple. It is really building magnificent masterpiece. Even if it in Beijing, the park is astonishingly safe and peaceful. The visitors discovered that is easy to forget them in greatest metropolises of world.
Feb 11, 2015 à 04:10 AM
When the temple to the public, first was opened the etiquette prayed and sacrifice in 1911 bans by the government of Republic of China to the heaven. At that time, worshipped 654 motions has carried out by 22 Ming Dynasty and Qing emperors in 490. Had designated in 1998 UN UNESCO World Heritage site, today Temple of Heaven is a greatly universal park that this aircraft relaxes and exercises. Perhaps in early morning, you look at the tai mahjong Chi trainee, pedestrian, dancer and competition. And, perhaps when busy everybody, you secretly arrives at the round mound altar and looked when you are whether impossible to make your sound at arm's length from heaven. To prayer the east of Hall's uses to harvest, the Big Dipper stone group represents Mount Tai, the heaven worship site seven peaks in ancient China.Indeed, the layout of entire park with the rectangle of right angle on behalf of Earth and surrounded edge in another representative the terminal in heaven. Inside, the round elements of many temple complexes were laid aside in the square, demonstrates connections between two territories. The ordinary Chinese citizens have not seen the ceremony every year twice in Temple of Heaven. , Emperor, and his cadre from Forbidden City will move and in complex, the special long gown and restraint that wears pitch camp to eat the endosarc. When emperor to be good to harvest will pray the coming year personally, the climax of ceremony came the winter solstice. Is the necessary ceremony is carried out, does not use the hitch; Widely is believed even the slightest mistake constituted the bad omen of entire kingdom next year.
Jan 15, 2015 à 10:54 PM
Personal worship of the Emperor of Heaven in the Temple of Heaven took place during the winter solstice and New Year's Day (1742 on). The Record of Ritual declares that "the sacrifice to Heaven is the highest expression of reverence." As with most other Chinese ceremonies, big symbolic emphasis was placed on the color, the shape, number, position, music and objects of sacrifice. The color of jade and silk offerings to the sky was blue-green, the altar was circular (yang) in shape, and the associated number was nine (also yang). Appropriately, nine pieces of music were played in the sacrifice, and the emperor faced north, reversing its usual orientation. Contemporary accounts of elaborate ritual - preceded by a dramatic procession of the imperial Forbidden City in the Temple of Heaven complex the night before - describes a solemn spectacle of breathtaking splendor. With the assistance of an entourage of imperial princes, senior officials, and other officials, and flanked by the spirit of his ancestors and various nature deities tablets, Emperor paid his respects to the tablet representing the Heaven with prayers and offerings - all accompanied by hymns, instrumental music, and ritual posture by literally hundreds of artists.
Feb 07, 2015 à 04:00 PM
The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, the central structure of the Altar of Prayer for Grain was where Ming and Qing emperors ceremonies for good harvests out. The first was built in 1420, the hall is 5.2 meters high, round white marble base, which consists of three levels. Each level is surrounded by white marble tables railings and balustrades. There is a large white marble staircase in the middle of the stairs on each level, with the relief of cloud patterns, phoenix and dragon, respectively, from the bottom up. Accordingly, tables railings, fences and drain outputs thereof each tire are carved patterns. The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, 32 meters high, is a structure in the form of high cone with triple eaves, covered blue tiles, and the top is crowned with a golden ball. This majestic room looks like a colossus that could prop up the sky from the earth. The Danbi Bridge, which is 360 meters long and four meters high, is an elevated walkway connecting the Circular Altar and the Altar of Prayer for Good Harvests. The stone path of the intermediate slab on the bridge, which is 30 meters wide, is the divine way and was used exclusively by the God of heaven. The brick paved road on the east side is the imperial road, which only served the emperor. The brick paved road on the west side was called the Camino del Rey and was made available to the aristocrats and high officials who accompanied the emperor for the ceremony. The northern part of the bridge is slightly higher than the south, symbolizing the ascension into heaven.
Feb 15, 2015 à 03:05 AM
Ceremonial sacrifices to heaven were banned by the government of the Republic of China in 1911. To this date, 490 years after its founding, the Temple of Heaven had witnessed 654 acts of worship to heaven for 22 emperors of the Ming and Qing. It was opened as a public park in 1918 and has been so since. The Temple of Heaven was built on a site 3.5 kilometers south-east of Beijing Zhengyang Gate. The area occupied is almost square, the two southern corners are square and rounded the north. This symbolizes the ancient Chinese belief that heaven is round and square earth. It is a spatial representation of Chinese cosmogony in which political power and legitimacy of the imperial dynasties was based for over two millennia. The three main structures of worship are arranged in a line in the central north-south axis. Sacrificial buildings are mainly in the Inner Altar, which is divided in two by a wall running east to west, the southern sector, known as the Altar and North Circular, the altar of the God of grain. The two altars are connected by a high brick road 360 m long, known as the Red Stairway Bridge. The main Temple of Heaven, Circular Mound, repeats the symbolism of the walls, as the central feature round (Heaven) is within a square enclosure (Earth). It consists of three circular platforms white marble, reduced diameter, surrounded by railings of the same material. The entrance to the box is effected by a series of monumental door. There are 360 pillars balustrades, representing 360 days of ancient Chinese Lunar Year
Dec 27, 2014 à 11:40 AM
The Temple of triple gabled sky,the abode of god blue roofed Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests is a marvel of Ming architecture, and symbolic of Beijing. The entire structure is made of wood and go without the help of a single nail. Besides being more beautiful example of Ming architecture Beijing, Temple of Heaven's,the abode of god interests in its historical and religious importance. Historical significance of the Temple of Heaven In imperial China, the emperor was the conduit between heaven and earth, ruled by the mandate of heaven, and had the task of ensuring the cosmic harmony. Crop failures and natural disasters could be interpreted as a sign that the sky was upset that the emperor was not doing his job well, which would give people the justification they needed to start a rebellion. The rituals related to harvest and maintain the cosmic harmony, therefore, were the most important duties of the emperor, and it was here that came every year to carry them out. Each year the Emperor purified by fasting for three days, and then he and his entourage presented slowly through the streets of the city to the temple. The common people were forbidden to see the procession and were forced to stay at home, quietly, with windows and bolted doors. The first Emperor meditate on the Imperial Vault, spend the night in the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, and make sacrifices on the altar Circular. Layout Temple of Heaven Entering the Temple of Heaven Northgate, you come first to the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, (also known as the Hall of Annual Prayer). The temple was rebuilt in 1889 after being struck by lightning. The official explanation for that attention was called a caterpillar had been allowed to climb on the roof (which so enraged the sky to burn everything down). Thirty-two judicial officers were executed for having allowed such a thing to happen. The following is the Imperial Vault of Heaven, octagonal wooden structure with a tiled roof glazed dark blue, beyond which is the Echo Wall. If you stand at one end, a whisper can be heard by someone in the other. If you want to experience for yourself, come before the tour groups arrive here. Finally you reach the round altar, three tiers of marble representing the man, the Earth and Heaven. The central point of the altar was considered the Middle East Empire - the center of the earth
Dec 05, 2014 à 04:52 PM
Most buildings are connected by a wide bridge called Vermilion Steps Bridge (Danbiqiao) or called Sacred Way. The Circular Altar has three terraces layered with white marble. During the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368 AD - 1911 AD), the emperors offered sacrifices to Heaven on the winter solstice each year. This ceremony was thankfully and I hope that all would be well in the future.The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest A grand palace with round roof and three layers of eaves. Inside the hall are 28 huge posts. The four posts along the inner circle represent four seasons-spring, summer, autumn and winter; 12 posts along the middle circle represent the 12 months; and 12 positions along the outer circle represent 12 Shichen (Shichen is a way to tell time in ancient China. One Shichen in the past equaled two hours and a whole day was divided into 12 Shichens). The roof is covered with enamel black, yellow and green color representing the sky, the earth and everything on earth. The living room features a base called Altar grain prayer that is made of three layers of white marble and has a height of six meters.Another important in building the Temple of Heaven is Imperial Vault of Heaven. If you look at it from afar, you will find that the Vault is like a blue umbrella head of gold. The set up is like the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest, but smaller. The structure was made of brick and wood. The vault was used to place memorial tablets of the gods. White marble railings around the dome. The Vermilion Steps Bridge connects the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest and the Imperial Vault of Heaven. The south end of the bridge is lower than its northern end. The emperors in the past thought they could go to heaven through this bridge, so this bridge is also called Sacred Way. A Yu Wang Road and is a route on 2 sides of sacred manner. The above is only for emperors to walk and the back is of princes and senior officials to pass. Three Echo Stones is outside the gate of the Imperial Vault of Heaven. If you speak facing the Vault while standing on the first stone, an echo is heard; Standing in the second and then the third stone, you will hear two three echoes respectively. Another interesting and famous place to visit is called Echo Wall owning special feature. The wall encloses the Imperial Vault of Heaven. Its perimeter is 193 meters. If you and your friend stands on the east and west of the roots of the wall respectively and whisper a word, then his friend clearly hear what you say. Is not that interesting? The phenomenon wave.Besides uses the theory of sound buildings are designed, there are also some other scenes that can be enjoyed as Nine-Dragon Cypress. It got its name from dragons nine branches that resemble rolled together. It was said that the cypress was planted over 500 years ago. In short, a tree Grandpa!